Helsinki University of Technology (HUT) is the oldest and largest university
of technology in Finland, dating back to the nineteenth century. In 1849
the Helsinki Technical School was founded, marking the beginning of organized
technical education in Finland. In 1872 the school became Helsinki Polytechnic
School and in 1879 Helsinki Polytechnical Institute.
In 1908 it was changed to Helsinki University of Technology and thus began
the teaching of technology at university level in Finland. In the 1950's
and 60's new premises were built to house the University of Technology in
Otaniemi and the university moved from Helsinki to the neighbouring city
At the moment, Helsinki University of Technology contains twelve faculties,
nine separate institutes, 17 degree programmes, and over 220 professors.
In 2001 the number of under- and postgraduate students, masters´ degrees
and doctorates was 14 264, 853, and 107, respectively. The Faculty of Surveying
consists of five laboratories: Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Cartography
and Geoinformatics, Geodesy , Institute of Law, and Institute of Real Estate
The Chair of Photogrammetry was established in 1957, and due to the long
filling process the first professor, Dr. R.S. Halonen, was nominated as late
as on July 2, 1960. This meant naturally a new era for teaching and research
in photogrammetry, although during the first years material conditions for
successful activities were insufficient in the old building situated in Helsinki.
In the spring of 1964, the Department of Surveying moved to the new campus
area and its main building in Otaniemi, Espoo. Conditions for both teaching
and research work were considerably improved.
From the year 1975 to 1993, Prof. Dr. Einari Kilpelä continued research
on analytical photogrammetry and, in particular, he started the activities
in digital image processing and remote sensing. As a consequence of development,
in 1987 name of the Institute was changed to be the Institute of Photogrammetry
and Remote Sensing. Photogrammetry and remote sensing belonged to the same
specialization study program until 1987, when a specialization study program
of its own was created for remote sensing.
Since 1994, the Institute has been chaired by Prof. Dr. Henrik Haggrén.
New digital image processing methods, pattern recognition, artificial intelligence,
neural networks etc. are heavily influencing the character of the research
work. Further, digital photogrammetry is not limited only to the use of aerial
and satellite imaging, but includes also industrial and close-range applications.
The Institute has started comprehensive research projects in the area of digital
photogrammetry, especially based on processing of airborne laser scanner
data as well as in basic theory of projective geometry and its use in photogrammetry.
The Institute has actively participated in international scientific cooperation.
E.g. Commission VI of the International Society of Photogrammetry (currently
ISPRS, International Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing) was chaired
by Prof. Halonen 1960-1964 as well as ISPRS Commission III by Prof. Kilpelä
1980-1984 and again 1984-1988. Further, a representative of the Institute
has been membered in the ISPRS Council during three inter-Congress periods,
i.e. Prof. Halonen 1968-1972 and 1972-1975, Dr.h.c. Karl Löfström
1975-1976, and Mrs. Aino Savolainen 1976-1980. The honorary membership of
the ISPRS was awarded to Mrs. Savolainen in 1988. In organizing the international
ISPRS Congress 1976 in Otaniemi the Institute played the main role. Institute
has organized two international scientific symposia, first in 1982 in Otaniemi
and the second in 1986 in Rovaniemi.
Also participation in the activities of other international organizations
like European Spatial Data Research (Euro-SDR, formerly OEEPE) and International
Federation of Surveyors (Fedération Internationale des Géometrès,
FIG) has been lively. In 1992-1994 Prof. Henrik Haggrén chaired
the FIG commission 6 on Engineering surveying.
Dr. hc., Engineer Major General Karl G.M. Löfström in 1966, Dr.
hc. Uki Helava (USA) in 1978 and prof. Dr. hc. Friedrich Ackermann (FRA)
in 1988 granted the honorary title of Doctor honoris causa at the Helsinki
University of Technology by the proposition of the Institute of Photogrammetry
and Remote Sensing and so they all represent the discipline of photogrammetry
among the Honorary Doctors of the HUT.